February 1918

Germany forces Soviet Russia to agree its peace terms. Red victories in Russia’s civil war. Britain extends the franchise to all men and many women.

3/2/1918 Austria-Hungary’s naval mutiny at Cattaro

4/2/1918 Bolshevism spreads to Ireland?

6/2/1918 Votes for (some) British women and all British men

10/2/1918 “No War, No Peace”: Trotsky’s bizarre coup de theatre

11/2/1918 Wilson’s Four Principles

14/2/1918 Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar

15/2/1918 Polish anger over Germany and Austria’s treaty with Ukraine

16/2/1918 “The Cult of the Clitoris”: a sinister plot revealed

16/2/1918 Lithuania declares independence

18/2/1918 Germany pushes into Russia

19/2/1918 A new commander for the British army

21/2/1918 Falkenhayn, unlikely saviour of Palestine’s Jewish community

22/2/1918 Turmoil in Petrograd as the German advance continues

23/2/1918 The Ice March: the White Army retreats from Rostov

24/2/1918 Lenin accepts the Germans’ final peace terms

25/2/1918 Lenin proclaims the Russian Civil War to be over

image sources:

Women factory workers in Manchester enjoying a break (Mental Floss WWI Centennial: Britain Grants Women’s Suffrage)

map (Mental Floss WWI Centennial: Germans Reopen Eastern Offensive, Americans Support Unified Command)

see also:

January 1918

@ww1liveblog (Twitter)

World War 1 Live Blog (Facebook)

January 1918

Wilson publishes his Fourteen Points. Unrest in Germany and Austria-Hungary. Civil war in Finland.

1/1/1918 1918, year of decision?

3/1/1918 Hard times for Italian civilians and prisoners of war under Austria-Hungary

4/1/1918 French pacifist politician Joseph Caillaux arrested

8/1/1918 Wilson’s Fourteen Points

15/1/1918 Finland’s rival camps prepare for civil war

15/1/1918 Arab progress east of the Jordan

19/1/1918 Lenin shuts down the Constituent Assembly

19/1/1918 Discontent boils over in Austria-Hungary

26/1/1918 REVEALED: the sexual deviants sabotaging Britain’s war effort

27/1/1918 Civil war breaks out in Finland

28/1/1918 A wave of industrial unrest grips Germany

28/1/1918 The Red Army formed

31/1/1918 German strikes suppressed, trouble-makers sent to the front

image sources:

Labouring party travels by train in Flanders (Histomil Historica: WW1 Narrow gauge train lines in the great war, Trench Railways France & Belgium)

see also:

December 1917

@ww1liveblog (Twitter)

World War 1 Live Blog (Facebook)

December 1917

Britain takes Jerusalem. Russia agrees an armistice with Germany and starts negotiations towards a peace treaty. The Bolsheviks consolidate their power. Australia rejects conscription. War brings famine to East Africa.

2/12/1917 Using unconventional methods, the Bolsheviks assert their power over the State Bank and the army

6/12/1917 Finland declares independence again

6/12/1917 The Halifax Explosion: a Canadian city devastated

7/12/1917 Cambrai: a bloody draw but a German victory on points

9/12/1917 Jerusalem falls to the British

9/12/1917 Romania throws in the towel

11/12/1917 Allenby arrives in Jerusalem

13/12/1917 Motuihe jailbreak: a German pirate busts loose

15/12/1917 Russia and Germany agree an armistice

16/12/1917 Turkey’s extermination of the Armenians

17/12/1917 Canada’s conscription election

18/12/1917 Russia and Turkey agree an armistice

19/12/1917 Russia’s voters reject the Bolsheviks

19/12/1917 Britain attempts to close the Channel to U-boats

20/12/1917 Australia votes against conscription again

20/12/1917 The Cheka: Soviet Russia’s political police force

21/12/1917 Germany’s sea wolf Luckner at bay

22/12/1917 As civil war begins in Russia, Soviet and German delegates meet at Brest-Litovsk

25/12/1917 Creeping authoritarianism in Russia

26/12/1917 Brest-Litovsk: Trotsky spins out the peace talks

30/12/1917 Germany and Austria’s winter of hunger

31/12/1917 Chaos in Trebizond as the Russian army disintegrates

31/12/1917 The horrors of war in German East Africa

image sources:

Allenby arrives in Jerusalem on foot (Wikipedia: the Battle of Jerusalem)

New Zealand officers celebrate Christmas on the Western Front (Mental Floss WWI Centennial: Last Christmas At War)

map (Mental Floss WWI Centennial: Armistice on the Eastern Front)

see also:

Monthly Archive 1917

November 1917

@ww1liveblog (Twitter)

World War 1 Live Blog (Facebook)

November 1917

Red October: the Bolsheviks seize power in Russia. Britain pushes into Palestine. The Balfour Declaration. The muddy hell of Passchendaele winds down. Caporetto ends with the Italians thrown back to the Piave. Cambrai: triumph of the tanks, then the Germans strike back.

1/11/1917 Allenby prepares to strike against Gaza

1/11/1917 A new German Chancellor

2/11/1917 Caporetto: the unstoppable Teutons cross the Tagliamento

5/11/1917 Mesopotamia: Britain takes Tikrit

6/11/1917 Rapallo: Allied leaders demand Cadorna’s head

6/11/1917 Kerensky’s failed attempt to crush the Bolsheviks

6/11/1917 Passchendaele finally falls to the Canadians

7/11/1917 Gaza falls to Allenby

7/11/1917 The Bolsheviks seize power in Petrograd

7/11/1917 Lawrence brings the Arab Revolt to Syria

9/11/1917 The Balfour Declaration: Britain gives away Palestine

9/11/1917 Caporetto: as the enemy advance falters, Italy sacks Cadorna

9/11/1917 The embattled Bolshevik government decrees land reform, bans the opposition press

11/11/1917 The Mons Conference: Ludendorff decides to attack the British next year

12/11/1917 As the Bolsheviks’ situation improves, Kerensky departs the stage

14/11/1917 Caporetto winds down as Italy manages to hold the enemy at the Piave

16/11/1917 Georges Clemenceau, France’s latest Prime Minister

17/11/1917 The Bolsheviks tighten their grip on power

18/11/1917 Allenby decides to press on towards Jerusalem

20/11/1917 Cambrai: triumph of the tanks

21/11/1915 Germany’s Zeppelin safari

23/11/1917 Germany’s Zeppelin safari aborted

23/11/1917 Cambrai: British progress stalls

25/11/1917 Negomano: Lettow-Vorbeck smashes the Portuguese

25/11/1917 Russia votes for a Constituent Assembly

26/11/1917 Sykes-Picot revealed: the world learns of British and French plans to carve up the Middle East

27/11/1917 Cambrai: as British attacks halt, the Germans prepare for a counterattack

29/11/1917 Fate catches up with German fighter pilot Erwin Böhme

30/11/1917 Cambrai: the Germans strike back

image sources:

poster (Robert Graham’s Anarchist Weblog – The Russian Tragedy: Alexander Berkman on the Russian Revolution)

map (Mental Floss WWI Centennial: The Second Bolshevik Coup Attempt Succeeds)

see also:

Monthly Archive 1917

October 1917

@ww1liveblog (Twitter)

World War 1 Live Blog (Facebook)

October 1917

Passchendaele mud. Austria-Hungary and Germany shatter the Italian army at Caporetto. Mata Hari executed. The British invasion of Palestine begins.

4/10/1917 The Sacchi decree: Italy combats the menace of defeatism

4/10/1917 Broodseinde: more Ypres attrition

8/10/1917 Trotsky elected chairman of the Petrograd Soviet’s executive

9/10/1917 Poelcapelle: an Allied attack at Ypres fails

11/10/1917 Operation Albion: German troops seize the islands of Estonia

12/10/1917 ANZAC forces cut to pieces in failed attack on Passchendaele

13/10/1917 The Miracle of the Sun

14/10/1917 Austria feeds the guns while its people go hungry

15/10/1917 Mata Hari executed

16/10/1917 Enemy at the gates: Germany threatens Petrograd

17/10/1917 The Action off Lerwick: a daring German strike on a British convoy

18/10/1917 Mahiwa: Lettow-Vorbeck’s pyrrhic victory

23/10/1917 The Bolsheviks decide to seize power

24/10/1917 Caporetto: Austria and Germany strike back against Italy

25/10/1917 De Valera takes over Sinn Féin

25/10/1917 Caporetto: Italy reels from the enemy onslaught

26/10/1917 Brazil joins the Allies

26/10/1917 Canadians take their turn being killed at Passchendaele

26/10/1917 Caporetto: astonishing progress by the Germans and Austro-Hungarians

27/10/1917 La Malmaison: a French offensive on the Chemin des Dames

27/10/1917 Caporetto: Cadorna orders a withdrawal

27/10/1917 Fighter pilot Arthur Rhys-Davids fails to return

28/10/1917 Caporetto: as Italy reels, Britain and France promise help

30/10/1917 A new Italian prime minster spells danger for the army’s commander

31/10/1917 Beersheba: the great charge of the Australian cavalry

31/10/1917 Hard times for Germany’s U-boats

image sources:

mud (Mental Floss WWI Centennial: First Passchendaele, Rainbow Division Crosses the Atlantic)

map (Mental Floss WWI Centennial: Disaster At Caporetto)

see also:

Monthly Archive 1917

September 1917

@ww1liveblog (Twitter)

World War 1 Live Blog (Facebook)

September 1917

More plodding along at Ypres. Kornilov’s coup fails. The British army mutiny at Étaples.

3/9/1917 Germany strikes at Riga

8/9/1917 Kerensky falls out with his general

9/9/1917 Russia’s Bonaparte? Kornilov marches on Petrograd

9/9/1917 Mutiny at Étaples

10/9/1917 The 18th Brumaire of Lavr Kornilov

11/9/1917 French ace Georges Guynemer disappears

11/9/1917 Kornilov’s coup comes unstuck

12/9/1917 The Étaples mutiny suppressed

12/9/1917 Bolsheviks in the ascendant as Kornilov’s coup fails

12/9/1917 Another new Prime Minister for France

12/9/1917 The Stockholm Conference: socialists continue preparations for a revolutionary peace

14/9/1917 The Petrograd Soviet swings behind the Bolsheviks

18/9/1917 Carzano: an Italian attempt to utilise Austro-Hungarian turncoats

19/9/1917 As Eleventh Isonzo draws to a close, Austria plans to strike back

20/9/1917 3rd Ypres: a limited assault on the Menin Road

21/9/1917 The Seeadler’s captain captured 

23/9/1917 German fighter ace Werner Voss shot down over Ypres

26/9/1917 3rd Ypres: Britain storms Polygon Wood

27/9/1917 East Africa: Lettow-Vorbeck escapes another Allied trap

30/9/1917 Falkenhayn redeploys to Palestine

image sources:

Canadian troops resting on their way to the front (The Great War – Photos – Life in the Trenches)

map (Mental Floss WWI Centennial: Germans Capture Riga, Kornilov Revolt)

see also:

Monthly Archive 1917

August 1917

@ww1liveblog (Twitter)

World War 1 Live Blog (Facebook)

August 1917

Muddy horror at Ypres. Crisis for Austria-Hungary on the Isonzo. Kornilovmania in Russia. France attacks at Verdun. A bad month for U-boats.

2/8/1917 German sailors mutiny in Wilhelmshaven

2/8/1917 Disaster strikes the Seeadler

3/8/1917 Kerensky shuts down the Finnish parliament but loses Czernowitz to Austria

3/8/1917 The Green Corn Rebellion: Oklahoma rises up against the war

10/8/1917 Third Ypres: mud and the Germans block British progress

14/8/1917 New enemies for Germany as Siam and China join the Allies

15/8/1917 As Italy prepares for another offensive the Pope calls for peace

16/8/1917 The Bolsheviks adopt an ominous new slogan

16/8/1917 Hindenburg & Ludendorff sack the head of Germany’s Supreme War Office

16/8/1917 Third Ypres: more failed attacks

18/8/1917 Third Ypres: mud

19/8/1917 11th Isonzo: Italy smashes Austria-Hungary

20/8/1917 Return to Verdun: France recaptures the Mort Homme

21/8/1917 Anti-war riots in Turin while crowds in Milan demand a Cadorna dictatorship

22/8/1917 Crisis on the Isonzo

22/8/1917 Ypres: tanks v. mud, the Siege of Fray Bentos

24/8/1917 11th Isonzo: Austria-Hungary retreats

25/8/1917 Ypres: the siege of Fray Bentos reaches its conclusion

26/8/1917 French gains at Verdun

27/8/1917 Kornilovmania eclipses Kerensky

28/8/1917 11th Isonzo: the Italian advance contained

29/8/1917 Canada moves towards conscription

31/8/1917 U-boats v. Dazzle Ships

image source (Wikipedia)

see also:

Monthly Archive 1917

July 1917

@ww1liveblog (Twitter)

World War 1 Live Blog (Facebook)