In Russia power is ebbing away from Kerensky‘s Provisional Government. The advance of the Germans in the Baltic is leading to fears that Petrograd might fall, but more disturbing are signs that the Bolsheviks are planning to seize power. The Bolshevik-controlled military committee of the Petrograd Soviet has been spreading its tentacles throughout the city, with most of Petrograd’s garrison now loyal to it rather than the Provisional Government. This includes the troops stationed in the Peter & Paul Fortress, whose guns command the Winter Palace in which the Provisional Government is based.
Kerensky seems powerless to stop the rising influence of the Bolsheviks. Verkhovsky, the war minister, has suggested that he seek an immediate peace with the Germans, undercutting the Bolsheviks whose demand for an end to the war has struck a chord with many. But Kerensky is determined to keep Russia in the war, despite the increasing inability of the army to fight the Germans.
Kerensky’s dwindling band of supporters have urged him to strike back against the Bolsheviks, decapitating them before they can seize power. Now he finally accedes to their request, ordering the suppression of the Bolshevik press and the arrest of their leaders. But Kerensky’s weakness is now all too apparent: he simply does not have the forces at his disposal for an effective crackdown. The men he sends to the Bolshevik printing presses are soon chased away by revolutionary troops. His hunters are unable to locate Lenin or the other leading Bolsheviks. And in the tumult that follows, Kerensky’s men lose control of two of the bridges into central Petrograd.
For the Bolsheviks, Kerensky’s attempted crackdown focuses minds. The party’s leadership had agreed in principle to a seizure of power at some unspecified point in the future. Now they realise that the time to strike is now.
The Provisional Government (Wikipedia: Russian Provisional Government)