Conscription is a divisive issue in Australia. Prime Minister Billy Hughes wants to introduce a draft to keep up the numbers of men the country is sending to the war but the move is strongly opposed by the trade unions and the Catholic Church, as well as by socialists, pacifists and other malcontents.
Last year in a plebiscite Australia voted narrowly against the introduction of conscription. That led to a political convulsion, with Hughes leaving the Australian Labor Party and forming a new pro-conscription party with members of the Liberal opposition.
Hughes decided to hold another conscription referendum after his party won a resounding victory in a general election earlier this year. Unfortunately for him, today Australians once more vote against a draft, by a larger margin than last year. Hughes’ dream of sending his countrymen to die in Europe looks like it is over.
Vote No Mum (National Museum of Australia: Conscription Referendums)
Scum of the Earth! (Australian War Memorial: the Conscription Debate)
The Blood Vote (State Library of New South Wales: Australia’s Conscription Debate)
all of those links are worth clicking on to see more posters