While war rages across Europe, socialists have been meeting in neutral Stockholm to discuss how to bring the war to an end and to usher in the new world that is to follow it. Delegates attend from countries on both sides of the conflict, as well as from neutral states, as was the case at the https://ww1live.wordpress.com/tag/zimmerwald-conference/socialists’ previous conference in Zimmerwald in Switzerland.
Events in Russia have proved controversial at the socialists’ conference. Bolshevik delegates take the opportunity to criticise their Menshevik rivals for their support of Kerensky‘s recently dissolved government. The conference as a whole does not rule on this internal squabble of the Russians.
The socialists’ conference also rejects peace proposals put forward by any of the warring states or neutral governments, as these would lead to a capitalist peace that would pave the way for another war between the bourgeois powers. The Pope‘s recent call for peace is rejected on similar grounds. Instead the delegates decide that the war will have to be halted by mass proletarian action leading to the creation socialist republics.
The conference breaks up today. The delegates return home and prepare for revolution.
Peace march in Sweden (Social History Portal: The 1917 Stockholm Peace Conference)