23/3/1915 Singapore: mutineers executed

Indian Muslim troops in the British army mutinied in Singapore on the 15th of February. Now the mutiny is over. Some of the mutineers have been killed in combat, others have been rounded up and put on trial. Some are transported or given long prison sentences but some 47 are sentenced to death. Today they are executed by firing squad in public executions watched by some 15,000 people.

image source (Wikipedia)

14/3/1915 The very short naval battle of Más a Tierra

When Admiral Spee’s fleet was destroyed at the Battle of the Falklands, one German ship escaped. This was the Dresden, commanded by Captain Fritz Lüdecke. But today the Dresden meets her doom. Britain had left a large force of ships in the South Atlantic and South East Pacific to hunt down the Dresden and prevent it from preying on British trade. They trap the German cruiser in the port of Cumberland Bay on the Chilean Island of Más a Tierra. When Lüdecke declines to surrender, the British squadron opens fire. After five minutes of pulverising fire, the Dresden is on fire, with many of its guns already disabled. Lüdecke raises the white flag and his crew abandon ship. The Dresden scuttled to prevent it falling into British hands.
Germany no longer has any ships at loose on the high seas. The main German fleet is stuck in port in Wilhemshaven. The Goeben and Breslau have free rein in the Black Sea, but would be destroyed were they to venture through the Straits into the Aegean.

Germany has one other naval asset that is confined to neither Wilhelmhaven nor the Black Sea. The Königsberg, a light cruiser, is based in German East Africa. The Germans had hoped to use this ship to disrupt British trade in the Indian Ocean but the ship is now trapped in the Rufiji Delta by British warships.

The only challenge Germany can mount to allied control of the seas is from its fleet of U-boat submarines.

The Dresden raises the white flag (Wikipedia)

Rufiji Delta (Naval-History.net)

17/2/1915 Singapore: a mutiny crushed

Britain’s colony of Singapore has been engulfed by fighting as mutinous Indian troops have battled the British and other loyal colonial soldiers. Now the tide turns against the mutineers. Heeding calls for help, French, Japanese and Russian warships arrive in Singapore and land their marines. After a short battle many of the mutineers surrender. Others flee into the countryside outside the city. The mutiny is effectively over.

15/2/1915 Mutiny in Singapore

The response to the Turkish Sultan’s call for a Holy War against the Allied powers has been disappointing. Egyptians and Muslim Indian troops in the British army did not turn on the Infidel when Turkish forces recently attacked the Suez Canal. On the other hand, the bizarre episode of the Ice Cream Jihad in Australia’s Broken Hill suggests that there are those who will heed the Caliph’s call to arms.

In Singapore a Muslim unit of the Indian army is preparing to be transferred to Hong Kong to replace another regiment there. However, rumours circulate among the Indians that they will actually be sent to the Western Front or perhaps to fight against the Turks, their fellow Muslims. Agitators supporting an armed uprising against British rule in India seem also to be influencing the soldiers. Today they revolt against their British masters, killing two British officers who try to restore order.

There are few loyal troops in Singapore. The mutineers fan out, seizing arms and ammunition and killing British officers and civilians. They attack a barracks where German nationals are being interned, including some of the crew the Emden. The mutineers try to recruit the Germans to their cause, but they refuse to join them.

Some British and Malay troops are able to block the mutineers from advancing into downtown Singapore. The British also send wireless messages requesting help from any Allied ships nearby.

image source (Goodreads)

1/1/1915 Broken Hill: Jihad comes to Australia

Mehmed V, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, is also Caliph, successor of the Prophet and leader of all true Muslims everywhere. Or so he thinks. He has proclaimed a jihad against the enemies of Turkey, ordering all true Muslims to fight against Britain, France, Russia and other Allied countries.

Turkey’s leaders had hoped that the proclamation of jihad would lead to revolts by the Muslim subjects of their enemies. Results have proved somewhat disappointing and Muslims in the enemy empires are showing no great interest in waging holy war.

But now jihad erupts in the somewhat unlikely setting of Australia. At Broken Hill in New South Wales, two Muslim immigrants from British India decide to heed the Caliph’s call. Badsha Mahommed Gool raises the Turkish flag over his ice cream cart and together with Mullah Abdullah, a halal butcher and imam, they launch their own short lived jihad.

Gool and Abdullah initially attack a train carrying members of the Order of Oddfellows to a picnic site. They shoot at the picnickers with rifles concealed in the ice cream cart, killing two and injuring several more. They then take cover in a quartz outcrop where they are attacked by policemen and soldiers. After a 90 minute gun battle they are both killed. There are reports that Gool is gunned down as he tries to surrender.

source of both images (The Battle of Broken Hill, from Smithsonian.com)

14/11/1914 Australia seizes Nauru

Nauru is a German-controlled island in the Pacific. Although small, the island is a major producer of phosphates. Perhaps because of its size and remoteness, Nauru has not been troubled since the start of the war, but now the Australians remember its existence. An Australian naval force lands and adds Nauru to the list of Germany’s Pacific possessions that have been gobbled up by the Allies. The German authorities on the island appear not to put up any resistance.

image source (Wikipedia)

7/11/1914 The fall of Tsingtao

Japanese forces have been besieging Tsingtao in China, where Germany has a naval base. The British have also sent troops to the siege but they do not seem to have been of any great help.

The Germans have resisted manfully for the last two months but their situation is now untenable. Japanese bombardments and carefully planned assaults on the town’s defences have left the defenders on the brink of collapse. Now the Germans accept the inevitable and seek terms for an honourable surrender.

image source (Wikipedia)