Thanks to German help, the military situation for Austria-Hungary looks good. The cheeky Serbs have been overrun, Italy has been chastened by the hammer-blow of Caporetto, Romania has sued for peace and the Russians have agreed an armistice and are negotiating a peace treaty. But the empire’s domestic situation is disastrous, with inflation and declining supply of food leading to industrial unrest and tensions between town and country and the empire’s separate regions.
These pressures are now starting to boil over. Austrian authorities recently announced that the already meagre flour ration was being halved. Workers have not taken this lying down: Vienna is now in the grip of a general strike and unrest has spread to Galicia and Bohemia, with workers in Budapest too having downed tools.
In Russia the Bolsheviks take heart from news of the unrest in Austria-Hungary. Their assumption was that socialist revolution would begin in Russia and then spread across Europe and the world. The strikes in Austria-Hungary seem to indicate that revolution is spreading to the heart of Europe, which would mean that Trotsky can abandon his negotiations with the Germans at Brest-Litovsk.
Cis und Trans (a cartoon suggesting that the greedy Hungarians are starving their Austrian fellows) (Die Welt der Habsburger)