10/8/1917 Third Ypres: mud and the Germans block British progress #1917Live

Bad weather has forced a halt to the British offensive in Flanders. Now conditions are deemed to have improved sufficiently for the attacks at Ypres to resume. The British are now attempting to clear the Germans off the Gheluvelt Plateau. However the going is hard. Shellfire since the start of the battle has disrupted the drainage system of the battlefield while heavy rainfall has turned the ground into a quagmire. The mud makes it difficult for the soldiers to move forward but it also makes it harder to use artillery: the muddy ground yields to the guns’ recoil, meaning that they have to be retargeted after each shot. The gunners also must waste time cleaning their shells, which inevitably arrive from the depots covered in slime. Misty weather prevents aerial observation of the German positions and mud reduces the explosive power of the shells.

The British make some progress but German resistance is dogged. Their artillery is situated on a reverse slope, making it difficult for the British to target without effective aerial observation. They use it to isolate British troops as they move forward, with counter-attacks by infantry then recovering much of the lost ground.

This battle is meant to be one in which the Germans will be worn down, an attritional struggle where the aim is to inflict more casualties on the enemy than he can inflict back. But the British are suffering high casualties in the battle, while on the German side a staff officer notes that his men appear to be suffering less than they did at the Somme.

image source:

British soldiers (The A-to-Z of Yeovil’s History: Sidney George Hawker)

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