Heinrich von Tschirschky is the German ambassador to Austria-Hungary. In previous crises, the German government and Kaiser Wilhelm himself have always favoured a moderate approach by Austria-Hungary towards Serbia. On that basis Tschirschky himself has urged caution and restraint to the Austro-Hungarians in the aftermath of Franz Ferdinand’s murder. He sends a report back to Berlin, noting that he has advised against any intemperate move against Serbia.
But when Wilhelm sees Tschirschky’s message, he is furious. Perhaps because of his friendship with Franz Ferdinand. he now favours immediate Austro-Hungarian action against Serbia. He writes in the margin of Tschirschky’s note that that the ambassador is talking nonsense and has overstepped his authority, that Serbia must now be dealt with.