1915 Who’s Who

People are listed alphabetically by surname or equivalent (underlined), with their rank and a description of who they are when they first appear in 1915.

Ahmed Shah Qajar. King of Persia
General Mikhail Alexeev. Junior Russian commander on the Eastern Front
Henry Herbert Asquith. British Prime Minister
Admiral David Beatty. Commander of the British navy’s battlecruiser squadron
Benedict XV. Vicar of Christ, head of the Catholic Church; the Pope
Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg. Chancellor of Germany
Andrew Bonar Law. Leader of the British Conservatives
General Svetozar Boroevic von Bojna. Austro-Hungarian commander on the Italian front
Louis Botha. Prime Minister of South Africa
Aristide Briand. French prime minister
Alexei Brusilov. Junior Russian commander on the Eastern Front
William Jennings Bryan. US Secretary of State
General William Birdwood. British commander of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) at Gallipoli
George Buchanan. British ambassador to Russia
General Luigi Cadorna. Chief of staff of the Italian army
Edith Cavell. Belgian-based British nurse
Nedjelko Chabrinovitch. Bosnian Serb, member of plot against Franz Ferdinand
John Chilembwe. Leader of revolt in British Nyasaland
Winston Churchill. Britain’s naval minister
General Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf. Chief-of-staff of the Austro-Hungarian army
King Constantine of Greece.
General Frederick Cunliffe. British commander in Kamerun
Ahmed Djemal Pasha. Turkish Minister of the Navy and mayor of Constantinople
Ismail Enver Pasha. Turkish Minister of War
General Erich von Falkenhayn. Commander in chief of the German army
Admiral Jacky Fisher. Commander of the British navy
General Ferdinand Foch. Junior French commander on the Western Front
Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Murdered heir to Austro-Hungarian throne
Franz Josef. Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, etc.
General John French. British commander on the Western Front
General Joseph Gallieni. French war minister
Roland Garros. French fighter pilot
Giovanni Giolitti. Italian liberal politician
Edward Grey. British foreign minister
Fritz Haber. Chemist and director of Germany’s chemical warfare programme
Habibullah Khan. King of Afghanistan
General Douglas Haig. Junior British commander on the Western Front
General Ian Hamilton. British commander of Allied land forces at Gallipoli
Werner von Hentig. German diplomat, co-head of expedition to Kabul
General Paul von Hindenburg. German commander on the Eastern Front
Jules Hue. French aircraft mechanic
Hussein Kamel. Sultan of Egypt
Danilo Ilitch. Sarajevo organiser of plot against Franz Ferdinand
General Joseph Joffre. French commander in chief
Colonel Mustafa Kemal. Junior Turkish commander in Gallipoli
Horatio Herbert Kitchener. British war minister; Lord Kitchener
General Hermann Kusmanek von Burgneustädten. Austro-Hungarian commander of besieged Przemysl
Robert Lansing. US Secretary of State
Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck. German commander in German East Africa
General Otto Liman von Sanders. German commander of Turkish forces in Gallipoli
David Lloyd George. British Minister of Munitions from May
General Erich Ludendorff. German chief of staff on the Eastern Front
General August von Mackensen. Junior German commander on the Eastern Front
Aram Manukian. Leader of the Armenians at the Siege of Van
Commander Martin Nasmith. Commander of British submarine the E11
Nicholas II. Emperor of Russia, Grand Duke of Finland, etc.; the Czar (or the Tsar)
Oskar von Niedermayer. German adventurer, co-head of expedition to Kabul
Maurice Paléologue. French ambassador to Russia
Raymond Poincaré. President of France
Gavrilo Princip. Bosnian Serb murderer of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie
Antonio Salandra. Italian prime minister
General Maurice Sarrail. French commander at Salonika
Sergei Sazonov. Russian foreign minister
General Hubert Smith-Dorrien. Junior British commander on Western Front
Sidney Sonnino. Italian foreign minister
Sophie Chotek. Czech aristocrat, slain with her husband Franz Ferdinand
Mehmed Talaat Pasha. Turkish Minister of the Interior.
Alfred von Tirpitz. German naval minister
István Tisza. Hungarian prime minister
General Charles Townshend. Junior British commander in Mesopotamia
Eleftherios Venizelos. Prime minster of Greece
René Viviani. Prime Minister of France
Vittorio Emanuele III. King of Italy
Hans von Wangenheim. German ambassador to Turkey
Captain Otto Weddigen. German U-boat commander
Wilhelm II. King of Prussia, Emperor of Germany; the Kaiser
Woodrow Wilson. President of the United States of America
General Nikolai Yudenich. Russian commander in the Caucasus

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